LIGHTING TRANSITIONS (MAP MAKING) Submitted by ArgCmdr

First, thanks to Wildefire and Cannis, cause i learnt this thanks to them.
And also, this works perfectly on YR, but not on RA2, as the color tint actions
are not accepted. In RA2 use only the Ambient values. And do not use either
actions 71 and 72, they cause slowdowns, and values do not seem to work correctly.

Lighting transitions were not necessary in TS, as the cycle could be enabled
and disabled from the Multiplayer Menu, though the rate of the change of light
was unchangable. In RA2, this feature is obsolete, lighting transitions must
be created with triggers, and are a good point on several kinds of maps, mostly
Multiplayer, but look good on certain missions, where time is set at afternoon,
and lights change on the same rate the player approaches the enemy base. Mostly
this is a feature used for MP maps as said, and its not a standard, its just
a good point to play a map, say a nice feature.

The making of the transition can be easy, depending on what you will to do.
Making a real-time transition is tedious, but depends on how many steps you
will put from the beginning to the... beginning again. If you plan to make
a heavy transition, i recommend the equivalence 1 hour = 1 day. And you need
60 steps, 3 per hour, one every twelve minutes (real time, one every minute)
So the first step represents the starting hour let´s say 12:00 PM (midnight).
The next step will happen a minute later, but will represent 24 minutes. So
that when you arrive to step 60, you will get all the day (24 minutes x 60
steps = day). You can of course vary the quantity of steps or the equivalence
time, that depends on how the transition will be, if you add more intermediate
steps, it will be more gradual, if you sustract steps it will be abrupt. If
you make it last longer and mantain the step number it will take longer, but
changes will be seen easier, contrary if you mantain number of steps and shorten
time, changes will be noticed but they will be gradual and not abrupt. As
you see you have plenty of choices to go around.

Before starting the hard stuff, a side note. The value of the actions described
here is different from the ones in the lighting section of the maps, cause
these show points, and actions use percentages. So if you want the ambient
to be 0.95 you MUST put 95 as parameter in the correspondant action.

Let´s take as example the 1 hour = 1 day cycle:
On this example we will use the best numbers for snow theatre, remember that
theses numbers vary for each theatre, so it would be recommendable that you
read FA2´s manual about lighting, you will find the temperate values there,
and check out other tutorial sites, where you will find the values for the
other theatres.

We will use 4 defined points on this example which are midnight, morning,
noon and afternoon. As these are 4 points and we are representing 24 hours,
we will have to set imaginary hours for each point, with the same time transcurring
from point to point (6 hours as 24 hours/4 points). Lets say, midnight is
0 hs, morning is 6 hs, noon is 12 hs and afternoon is 18 hs. Now we must calculate
the difference between their lighting values (ambient, blue, red and green).
Midnight´s values are different to noon, noon´s are different to afternoon,
and so on. So you must calculate which will be the rate of change during the
transition. If 6 hours must pass, and we have 24 minutes steps, then we will
have 15 steps ((as 6 hours x 60 minutes per hour) / 24 minutes steps = 15
steps per defined point). Then each defined point has 15 steps to get to the
next one. As they are 4 points and steps are 15 per phase, we have a total
of 60 steps, 60 triggers.

As said first we calculate the values, it is undispensible to know which are
the ones corresponding to each point.
Snow´s points are:

Light
Type/Time:

Morning

Noon

Afternoon

Night

Ambient

0.750000

1.000000

0.750000

0.550000

Red

1.120000

0.990000

1.060000

0.760000

Green

0.800000

1.040000

1.070000

0.740000

Blue

1.330000

1.070000

1.540000

1.180000

As we have said, calculate now the difference for each step on the loop. You
have to calculate the 60 steps, beginning by the 1st, at imaginary hour 0:24.
To do this you must simply do the following. Take a value, i.e Ambient. Night
(midnight, the 1st point) is 0.55 and we must calculate the rate we have to
use for all steps to arrive at step 15 at the second point, morning, at a
value of 0.75. Then we have 0.20 points to be shared on 15 steps (20/15).
The formula is quite simple its rate of modify of value (ambient, red green
or blue, in this case ambient) = difference between points / number of steps.
When calculating this use decimals, and when setting them on the triggers
(remember you must use the 0.1 = 10 conversion on all the values), use just
one, so if the value you got is 0.965, put 96.5. After calculating the ambient
values for this 15 steps, you might want to follow with the next ambient 15
steps. Don´t get surprised because of the calculations required to use 1 hour
= 1 day. This is actually a very complex method, and very exact. You might
want to use 20 steps instead, don´t worry if this is too much work, all you
have to do is make the calculations for less steps, and also the trigger number
will be much more less. You must use that formula with all 4 values, and all
60 steps, which you will get 240 values in total.

I will now give you some of the ambient values so that you see if you understood
the formula:

Step on ambient from point 1 to point 2 is = 0.2 (difference between points)
/ 15 (nº of steps) Rate is then = 0.013 approximately. Then, 0:24 will have
an ambient of 0.563, 0:48 will have an ambient of 0.576, and so on, adding
the rate for each step, until you arrive to the point. After this you will
need to use the correspondant rate, to fit the changes between point 2 and
point 3.

Once you have all values, you must start with the triggers. The names of each
one should mention what emulated time it is, so you get the first one (first
step) named 0:24, the scond one 0:48 and so on. All triggers must be type
2, repeating. And as side not before explaining how triggers should be: This
cycle is unrealistic, as all periods go on equally. All lasts 6 hours, while
the evening lasts 3 in real world. Again this is an example, and if you are
smart enough, you will figure out that you can change very easily the timings
by enlarging steps or making them smaller, along with the time between them.
You must now change the initial lighting levels (Edit à Lighting) and set
them to the last step of the transition value´s so that it starts at 0 hs
and the first step is 0:24 hs
So, here is what the triggers should be like:

Name: Step Name or Hours it represents
Owner:Civilian
Type: 2
Events:
1- #13 Elapsed Time (Parameter 60, so that it happens after 60 seconds (1
minute, remember: 1 real minute = 24 minutes = 1 step)
Actions:
1- #73 Set Ambient Fade (Parameter is equal the value you calculated for the
correspondant number of step, in this case for ambient)
2- #142 Retint Red (Parameter is equal the value you calculated for the correspondant
number of step, in this case for red)
3- #143 Retint Green (Parameter is equal the value you calculated for the
correspondant number of step, in this case for green)
4- #144 Retint Blue (Parameter is equal the value you calculated for the correspondant
number of step, in this case for ambient)
5- #53 Enable Trigger (Parameter is the trigger representing the Next Step)
6- #54 Disable Trigger (Parameter is this same trigger, so that it disables
itself, so that it does not repeat after 60 seconds setting the same values,
and so it can be re-enabled again when needed).

All triggers should be like this. The last one must disable itself as usual
and enable the first one, so that there is a loop created. Remember again
if the value you calculated was 0.95 then you must put 95 as parameter, as
its a percentage, then a x100 factor is added. By creating this 60 triggers
you will get a good transition, though not completely realistic, but at least
values will be exact. You can actually change the starting step by disabling
the current starting step and enabling the one you want to be the starting
step. So if step 1 started the transition and you want step 20 to start it,
just disable the trigger corresponding to step 1 and enable the one corresponding
to step 20. Also you need to set the initial lighting values (Edit à Lighting)
equal to the previous start step, so if transition starts on step 20 the initial
lighting values should be the ones of step 19, but remember you must define
them, in this menu, eual to the results you got from calculations as there
is no percentage factor here.

Finally, as side note, do not confuse ambient with light, as they are different
stuff, light has to do with the brightness of the colors, and ambient with
the quantity of light spotted on the terrain. Also remember to set special
lighting levels for weather storms, and make them equal to midnight so that
day´s storms are dark and night storms are dark too.